Risk Factor of COVID-19 Reinfection (Study on Patient at RSDC Wisma Atlet Kemayoran, Jakarta)

Lutfiani Fajrin(1Mail), Syahrizal Syarif(2),
(1) Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author


DOI : https://doi.org/10.30604/well.224412022

Full Text:    Language : en

Abstract


Background: Reinfection of COVID-19 is defined as a person who has recovered from infection with COVID-19 and then re-infected. The number of reports of reinfection events in several countries shows the magnitude of the problem of reinfection. Demographic factors, behavior, and medical history are risk factors for reinfection. Objective: To analyze the relationship between age, gender, history of comorbidities, use of public transportation, visiting public places, and behavior of using masks with the incidence of COVID-19 reinfection. Methods: This research is an analytic study with a cross-sectional approach. The subjects of this study were patients with a history of reinfection who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria from the epidemiological surveillance data at the Wisma Atlet Hospital, Jakarta in July – December 2021. Results: The incidence of reinfection with age 20-29 years (p=0.001) with POR 2.70 (95%CI 2.11-3.48), using public transportation (p=0.001) POR 1.80 (95%CI 1.45-2.21), and traveling to public places (p=0.001) POR 2.88 (95%CI 2.11-3.93). Variables that were not significant were gender (p=0.259) POR 1.13 (95%CI 0.92-1.38) and comorbid burden (p=0.193) POR 0.81 (95%CI 0.59-1.09). Conclusion: Age, use of public transportation, and traveling to public places contributed to the incidence of reinfection by 2.4, 1.4, and 2.0 times, respectively.

Keywords


COVID-19; reinfection; risk factor

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